German health insurance companies record a loss for first time since 2014

German health insurance companies record a loss for first time since 2014

German health insurance companies record a loss for first time since 2014

It hasn’t been a great start to the year for German health insurance: in the first three months of the year, a loss of 112 million euros was recorded. This is the first time in four years that the insurance companies have not turned a profit.

German statutory health insurance in the red

According to research by the Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ), for the first time since 2014 a loss was recorded by the companies providing statutory health insurance in Germany, meaning that they will have to dip into their financial reserves to pay the cost of treating their policyholders.

In the first three months of this year, the health insurance funds made a loss of 112 million euros. In the first quarter of last year, in contrast, they reported a surplus of 416 million euros. For 2018 as a whole, Germany’s 109 Krankenkassen (“sickness funds” - statutory health insurance providers) had an overall surplus of 2 billion euros.

Lower health insurance contributions

According to the FAZ, three major factors are to blame for the providers’ sudden dive into the red: as well as changes to health fund allocations, a reduction in contribution rates and higher expenditure both had an impact.  

On top of fixed contribution rates, health insurance funds are entitled to charge their policyholders an “additional contribution” of up to 1,1 percent. These, however, were reduced at the end of last year when politicians demanded that health insurance funds diminish their cash surpluses. Five of eleven funds reduced their additional contributions, with the largest company, the Techniker Krankenkasse, cutting additional contributions by two tenths. The losses recorded this year seem to be a direct outcome of this decision.

Higher expenditure by German health insurance funds

Another factor contributing to the losses is the higher expenditure on healthcare reported by almost all Krankenkassen. Last year, total expenditure at the Ersatzkassen rose by 4,8 percent per insured person. Similarly, at the Allgemeine Orskrakenkasse (AOK) expenditure also rose, by about 2,6 percent per person.

Jens Martin Hoyer, the deputy chairman of the AOK Federal Association, said that the losses were manageable, but that the government’s extensive spending policy would have to be critically scrutinised in future, in order to bring expenditure back under control.



Abi Carter

Abi studied History & German at the University of Manchester. She has since worked as a writer, editor and content marketeer, but still has a soft spot for museums, castles...

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