More than a quarter of Germany’s population has a migration background
In 2019, over 21 million people in Germany had a migration background. This amounts to over a quarter of the population.
Germany: A multinational nation
On Tuesday, the Federal Statistical Office (Destatis) announced in Wiesbaden that, in 2019, there were 21,2 million people in Germany with a so-called migration background - 26 percent of the total population. A migration background includes people who were born with a foreign nationality or those with at least one parent who was not German by birth.
According to Destatis, out of these 21,2 million people, 11,1 million (51 percent) had German citizenship, while the remaining 10,1 million people (48 percent) are foreigners. Just over half of the 11,1 million German citizens have had citizenship since birth (51 percent). Another 35 percent are naturalised citizens, 23 percent came to Germany as a (late) resettler and approximately 1 percent have German citizenship through adoption.
Majority of immigrants come from Europe
The majority of people with a migration background (65 percent) are immigrants from another European country. This corresponds to 13,8 million people, of which 7,5 million originate from other EU member states.
A further 4,6 million (22 percent) are immigrants from Asia and their descendents, with 3,2 million of them having roots in the Middle East. Just under a million (5 percent) are from Africa and around 600.000 (3 percent) are from the Americas.
According to Destatis, the most important countries of origin are Turkey (13 percent), Poland (11 percent) and the Russian Federation (7 percent).