This is your home: Why every expat should learn German
This is your home: Why every expat should learn German
When you tell friends that you are moving to Germany, one of their first questions is: “Do you speak German?”. For many of us, the answer is no. Indeed, one of the reasons that Germany is such a great destination for anglophone expats is that every German learns English at school and most of them speak it to an embarrassingly high standard. So, do expats really need to learn the language?
At a superficial level, they do not. You will get by with English, Google Translate, and the traditional travellers’ tools of pointing, nodding and smiling.
But speaking the language really does matter. There are the practical problems - when you go to the doctor and the receptionist only speaks German, or when the cable engineer arrives to connect your internet, and you need to understand his explanation of why German internet is so slow. These were issues I came up against almost immediately after I arrived in Frankfurt. Even if most Germans do speak good English, you still have to communicate with those who do not.
Language requirements for immigrants to Germany
For some immigrants, there is a requirement to attend an integration course and learn basic German. Permanent residence requires “sufficient” German, and to be naturalised as a German, you need to hold a B1 certificate in the German language. There are few jobs in Germany where a decent level of the language is not expected, even if the company itself works in English. Not speaking the language will restrict your options for work, no matter how professionally qualified you are.
Important as these considerations are, the value of learning the language goes far deeper. For a start, it is a basic courtesy. It is rude to not even attempt to communicate in their own language with the citizens of the country that has been generous enough to offer us a home. Every time I meet a neighbour, or someone stops me in the street to ask directions, I feel ashamed that my language skills are not better.
Why every expat should learn German
Beyond that, it is impossible to truly understand the country without the language. Germany is one of the great intellectual powerhouses of the world; a land of scientists and philosophers. Its language, like its thinkers, is rigorous, structured and logical. To learn German is to get an insight into the way the nation thinks.
Germans have an unfair reputation among expats for being abrupt and unfriendly. The more I learn the language, the more I see that its formal structure contributes to this impression. Germans are not rude, merely direct; they do not hide behind ambiguities. This trait matches the directness of the language. Understand this, and your hackles will not rise when your neighbour asks you - politely, formally - to turn the sound down on your television because it keeps him awake.
German language courses
My own first efforts to learn German were haphazard. I listened to some language learning podcasts and did online lessons from Deutsche Welle. I worked my way through grammar exercises until I grasped the basics. But the essential missing component was actually speaking German. For this, I found I needed a proper language course.
My first mistake was to assume quicker is better. I signed up for a short, super-intensive (super-expensive) course at the Goethe Institute in Frankfurt. Goethe rightly has a reputation for small classes and great teachers. But I found that the intensive format gave me no time between lessons to revise, practice and consolidate what I had learned. Nevertheless, by the end I was speaking some, albeit terrible, German.
Speak German and practice
My second mistake was to not persist with language learning at the end of the course. Learning German is not a one-off event. It needs constant practice, and the layering of skills and knowledge over time. Soon after I finished my first course, I could feel what I had learned seeping away. I signed up for another course - less intense this time, for just two mornings a week. This gave me more time to learn and practice between.
Understanding German is transforming my experience of living in Germany. I feel more relaxed and finally at home. And while I still find that when I speak to someone in German, I am usually answered in perfect English, at least I am now able to make that effort, and the Germans I meet appreciate that I have tried.
Tips for successful language learning:
- Choose your German language course carefully. Ask for recommendations from friends and colleagues. Low cost means large classes, less individual attention and, crucially, less time for you to speak German. Investing in a higher-quality class may pay off in the long run, but there are also good low-cost courses out there.
- Commit to it. Work hard and do your homework. Those who practice at home make more progress.
- Speak German with your fellow course members in your breaks. It requires effort, especially if you can all speak English, but it makes a huge difference to the total amount of time you spend speaking the language.
- Partner up with a fellow course member and meet outside of class to practice speaking exercises over coffee and cake.
- Use an app to learn vocabulary. Memrise and Babbel are popular and Quizlet is good for specific word lists.
- Listen to a German news bulletin every day, even if you can only grasp the basic themes. Formulate a couple of German sentences based on what you managed to understand of it.
- Watch some films on Netflix in German and use subtitles to help you improve.
- Be persistent! However much or little time you have each week to learn, use it. Keep going and you will begin to find that German words and sentence constructions begin to float into your head when you reach for them.